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About Bangladesh

�� Bangladesh at Glance
�� Early History
�� Liberation of Bangladesh and After
�� Economy
�� Trade
�� Investment
�� Tourism

Country Profile

Official Name : The People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital : Dhaka : Area-1416 Sq.Km. Population 9.9 million in 2001
President : Professor Dr. Iajuddin Ahamed
Prime Minister : Begum Khaleda Zia
Geographical Location : Between 23�.34' and 26�.38' north latitude and between 88�.41' and 92�.41'
  east longitude.
Area : 1,47,570 sq.km. Territorial Waters 22.22 km. Economic Zome-Upto
  370.40 km. in the high seas, measured from the base line.
Boundary   North: India
  West : India
  East : India and and Mayanmar
  South: Bay of Bengal
Religion (Census 1991) : Islam (88.3%), Hinduism (10.5%), Buddhism (0.6%) and Christianity(0.3%)
Unit of Currency : Taka
Time : GMT+6.00 hours.
Administrative Units


: Division: 6;   Zila: 64;   Thana: 507;  Union: 4484;   Village: 87319
Major Cities : Dhaka, Chittagong. Khulna, Rajshahi, Mymensing, Comilla, Barisal,         
Climate : Average Winter temp (Max 29� C Min 11� C ).
  Average Summer temp (Max 40� C Min 21� C)
Monsoon Rainfall : Lowest 340mm. Highest 964 mm.
Humidity : Highest 99% Lowest 36 %
Main Seasons : Winter (November – February ), Summer (May –June), Monsoon
  (July –  October)
Population in Census 2001 : Approximately 129 million;Growth rate 1.48% per annum; Sex ratio 103.8 males   per 100 females; Urban Population 23.39%. ;No of household units 25.36 million ;Density per square km 834.
Language : Bengali but English is widely used.
Principal River : Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Bhahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli in 
  all 700 rivers including tributaries and branches.
Principal Minerals : Natural Gas, Lignite Coal, Limestones, Ceramic, Clay and Glass Sand.
Principal Crops : Rice, Jackfruit, Jute, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices,
  Potatoes, Vegetables, Bananas, Mangoes, Coconut, Tea and Wheat.
Principal Industries : Garments, Jute, Cotton, Textile, Tea, Paper, Newsprint, Cement, Fertilizer, Sugar, Engineering, Electric cables , Leather, Fish.
Principal Exports : Readymade garments, Jute and Jute products, Tea, Leather and
  Frozen food.
Sea Ports : Chittagong and Mongla.
Airports : Dhaka, Chittagong , Jessore, Rajshahi, Iswardi, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar,
  Syedpur and Barisal .
Radio Station : Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Sylhet, Comilla,Jessore,Bogra, Cox's Bazar, Barisal,Rangamati and Thakurgaon .
Television Station : Dhaka, Natore, Chittagong, Brahamanbaria ,Patuakhali,Jhenaidah,   Thakurgaon, Rajshahi,Satkhira,Rangamati,Cox's Bazar, Noakhali, Sylhet,Mymenshing,Khulna and Rangpur
Satellite Station : Betbunia ( Chittagong) and Talibabad (Dhaka) for international
Education(1999 based) : Universities: 32; Medical Collage: 24; Bangladesh Institute of Technology: 4; Colleges 2288; Polytechnic Institutes  21; Secondary School 14069; Primary School 65610
Health (1999 based) :Hospitals 1277; Hospital beds 44374;Registered physician: 30864
Electricity :220 Volts A.C. in all cities and towns.
Tourist Season :October to March
Main Tourist Attractions. :Colourful tribal life of Hill Tracts, world’s longest sea beach at Cox’s Bazar, centuries old historical sites at Dhaka , Paharpur, Mainamati, Mohastangar, Sundarban the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger, largest tea garden, reverine life, ect.
Wearing Apparel :Tropical in Summer and Light woolen in Winter.
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Tel: (880-2)9562862 l Fax: (880-2) 9555283 l E-mail: webmaster@mofabd.org
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